Its members practice the world’s oldest profession. But despite the modern belief that the practice was a choice, more often than not, it was a last resort from which very few escaped.
Family of Love
Lewd women; also, a religious sect.
For the purposes of this post, I’m only addressing the first part of the definition. Lewd women – those who engaged in crude and offensive acts of a sexual nature – were viewed with sympathy and even sentimentality. These women were either born to their station through poverty and circumstance, or fell into prostitution from a lack of education or employable skill. The general consensus was that no woman chose harlotry, but arrival in the sex trade was seen as inescapable for some, and the final option for others.
But sympathy and sentimentality did not lend themselves to social programs to rectify the situation, nor disfavor enough to shame those who partook of services. Prostitution wasn’t even illegal until the 1820s.
And lewd women were not to be confused with mistresses, sometimes known as demi-reps (from 1749) and later the demi-monde (from the play of the same title by Alexandre Dumas in 1844), or courtesans. These ladies existed somewhere between the lewd and acceptable, a shadowy middle ground where money was exchanged for sexual congress, but whose services also included escort to social engagements. Mistresses and courtesans were usually put up in homes by their protectors or patrons. Lewd women were creatures of the streets or brothels. Brothels were not much refuge in that protection from a procuress/abbess meant victimization of a different kind: your coin earned a roof and some food, but precious little else.
William Hogarth’s six-print set, A Harlot’s Progress, published in 1732, tells the story of harlot Moll Hackabout, a visual tale of one member of the Family of Love. The series illustrated society’s beliefs that lewd women either rose from the ashes of prostitution through marriage or defensible employment, or died under tragic circumstances.
Moll Hackabout arrives in London and meets Mother Needham, a notorious procuress:
Moll is mistress to a wealthy Jewish Man. She creates a diversion to allow a second lover to escape:
Moll, in a reduced state, takes tea while baliffs enter her lodgings:
Moll beats hemp in Bridewell Prison (incarcerated for debts, not debauchery):
Moll is dying while two doctors argue over her treatment:
Moll’s coffin is surrounded by a group of insincere mourners:
- Slang term taken from the 1811 Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue.
- Definitions for demi-rep and demi-monde at Etymology Online.
- For a good article describing the different levels of the sex trade in Regency England, see Jude Knight’s guest post at Madame Gilflurt’s blog, The Regency Sex Trade.
- Learn more about Georgian prostitutes in general in Progress of a Woman of Pleasure:Prostitutes in 18th Century London, at Jane Austen’s World.